Have you been vaccinated twice and are still infected with Omicron?

Omicron variant symptoms 

“As a consequence of massive immunisation programmes, the course of the disease has been less and has shown good response to standard treatments that we take for Covid-19,” stated by Dr Gopi Krishna Yedlapati.

Omicron variant symptoms: In the midst of the Omicron outbreak, one of the most often requested topics is how long an infected patient should be quarantined, especially if they are double-vaccinated.

The overall threat posed by the ‘variant of concern,’ according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is determined largely by three key factors: its transmissibility, how well vaccines and prior SARS-CoV-2 infection protect against it, and how infective the variant is in comparison to other variants.

According to Dr. Abhishek Subhash, Consultant Internal Medicine at Bhatia Hospital, the current isolation duration for Omicron patients in India is 14 days. In the United States, it is 10 days for immunised patients and five days after booster injections.

In the United States, where the holiday season is in full effect, White House medical adviser Anthony Fauci has recommended that the 10-day quarantine should be reduced.

“That’s absolutely an important component that is now being explored,” said Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, according to CNN. According to Fauci, this will allow unaffected people to return to work or school while taking the necessary safeguards.

While breakthrough infections are on the rise in the fully vaccinated population, the symptoms are milder, according to specialists. “As a consequence of broad immunisation programmes, the disease’s severity is less and has shown good response to standard treatments that we use for Covid 19,” said Dr Gopi Krishna Yedlapati, consultant interventional pulmonologist at Yashoda Hospitals in Hyderabad.

“Countries may – and must – use established health and social measures to limit the spread of Omicron.” “Our priority must be to safeguard the least protected and those at high risk,” said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of the WHO South-East Asia Region.

How does Omicron get detected?

According to India’s Ministry of Home and Family Affairs (MoHFW), the RT-PCR technique is the most acknowledged and widely used method of diagnosing the SARS-CoV2 variant. To establish the existence of a virus, this approach identifies certain genes in the virus, such as Spike (S), Enveloped (E), and Nucleocapsid (N), among others.

“In the instance of Omicron, however, because the S gene is extensively damaged, some of the primers may result in findings showing the lack of the S gene” (called as S gene drop out). This specific S gene dropout, together with the identification of additional viral genes, might be employed as an Omicron diagnostic characteristic. However, “genetic sequencing is necessary for conclusive confirmation of the omicron variation,” according to the Ministry’s statement.

Treatment

Both delta and omicron have identical treatment procedures, which include 14 days of isolation, close monitoring of the infection, and regular check-ups with the pulmonologist, according to Dr. Yedlapati.

Even if it causes less severe disease, the large number of cases might overload health-care systems once again. As a result, the WHO recommends that health care capacity, particularly ICU beds, oxygen availability, enough health care workers, and surge capacity, be examined and improved at all levels.

How can it be avoided?

The precautions and actions to be followed remain unchanged. According to the MoHFW, it is critical to correctly mask the face, receive both doses of immunizations (if not already vaccinated), keep social distance, and maintain good ventilation.

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