How to Fight the Baldness Gene (and Other Factors)

Although baldness is commonly associated with men, hair loss may afflict anybody, regardless of gender. Genetics plays a significant influence in deciding how much hair loss you may experience as you age. Other variables, like as stress, diet, and drugs, can also contribute to baldness. Although genetic hair loss cannot be reversed, you may take action to slow it down and optimise your hair growth potential. In this post, we’ll look at the genetics of baldness, debunk a common balding myth, and discuss how you can decrease hereditary hair loss.

The ‘balding gene’ explained

Hair loss induced by heredity develops in a predictable pattern known as male pattern baldness (MPB) or female pattern baldness (FPB) (FPB).

MPB often begins in your 20s or 30s as an m-shaped recession at the front of your scalp. By the age of 80, around 80% of males have MPB.

Women frequently develop Ludwig pattern hair loss after menopause, which is a slow recession along the section of their hair. By the age of 80, over half of all women will have female pattern hair. The most prevalent cause of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia, which includes MPB and FPB. According to twin studies, genetics account for around 80% of male pattern baldness.

Male pattern hair loss

You may have heard that guys acquire the baldness gene entirely from their mother’s father. Even though this isn’t always the case, it has some validity. The genetic component of male pattern baldness is yet unknown, however, it is considered to be polygenic, which means it includes more than one gene.

People have 23 chromosomal pairs that hold their genetic information. These chromosomes code for everything from your eye colour to the length of your baby’s toe. Your biological sex is determined by one of these pairs of chromosomes, known as the “X” and “Y” chromosomes. Men have one “X” chromosome and one “Y” chromosome, whereas women have two “X” chromosomes.

Men get their “X” chromosome from their mother and their “Y” chromosome from their father. Baldness is tightly linked to the AR Trusted Sourcegene, which is situated on the “X” chromosome. Comprehensive research of 12,806 males of European ancestry discovered that those who had the gene had more than double the chance of having MPB as those who did not.

However, this is not the only gene that influences whether or not you will grow bald. A 2017 study discovered 63 genes that may be involved with male pattern baldness, with just six of them located on the “X” chromosome. According to research, more than 80% of those who have visible baldness have a parent who has likewise lost his hair.

Female pattern baldness

The genetic component of FPB is still generally unknown but similar to MPB, it’s expected to involve several distinct genes.  Genes that code for the development of an enzyme called aromatase convert testosterone to oestrogen may have a role in FPB, and explain why many women lose their hair after menopause.

What causes balding?

Along with heredity, a range of additional factors can contribute to hair loss in persons of either gender. Women often notice hair loss during menopause due to hormonal changes but males may observe thinning start in early adulthood.

  • Hormonal changes. Women typically experience hair loss following menopause, childbirth, and pregnancy due to hormone changes. Both men and women may develop hair loss from variations in thyroid hormone levels.
  • Alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is an immunological disorder that causes patchy hair loss.
  • Trichotillomania. Trichotillomania, often termed hair-pulling condition, is a mental disease that causes the need to pull out your own hair.
  • Other medical problems. Medical diseases include ringworm infections, cicatricial alopecia, and traumatic alopecia can also cause hair loss.
  • Certain hairstyles. Hairstyles that put stress on your hair like tight ponytails might contribute to a kind of hair loss called traction alopecia. This form of hair loss might be permanent or transient.
  • Drugs and supplements. According to the Mayo Clinic, medicines used to treat the following medical problems may contribute to hair loss:
    • depression
    • heart problems
    • gout
    • high blood pressure
    • cancer
    • arthritis
  • Birth control. Discontinuing the usage of birth control tablets may also contribute to temporary hair loss.
  • Radiation treatment. Radiation therapy is routinely used in cancer treatment and usually causes hair loss. Often this hair loss is transient.
  • Stress. Prolonged durations of physical or emotional stress might contribute to temporary hair loss.
  • Nutritional deficits. Not receiving sufficient protein or other vital minerals like zinc might significantly affect your hair development.

How to slow hair loss

Hair loss caused by hereditary reasons is irreversible and there’s little you can do to halt it. However, there are various ways it may be slowed down.

    • Healthy living practises. Eating a balanced diet, getting proper sleep, limiting stress, and exercising frequently will help support your general health and hair health.
    • Topical medicines. Topical drugs such as minoxidil (Rogaine) are frequently the first line of therapy. Usually, you use these treatments straight to your scalp in balding regions.
    • Oral medicines. Your doctor may offer oral drugs like finasteride (Propecia) to treat MPB. Finasteride is also used to treat an enlarged prostate.
    • Hair transplantation surgery. Follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction are two forms of hair transplantation operations that relocate hair follicles from one portion of your head to balding areas.
    • Laser treatment (red light therapy). Laser treatment may help enhance hair density if you’re coping with hereditary hair loss or hair loss after chemotherapy. However, further study is needed to understand how successful this therapy approach is.
    • Platelet-rich plasma injections. Platelet-rich plasma injections may help encourage hair growth in regions experiencing hair loss. Like with laser treatment, additional study is needed to understand its efficacy.

In Conclusion

Genetics substantially impact hair loss, no matter your gender. The genetic component of balding still isn’t completely known, although it’s suspected that it includes several distinct genes.

Although hereditary hair loss is irreversible, medicines, laser treatment, and platelet-rich plasma injections may help encourage hair growth in balding regions. Some patients also have hair transplants to cover regions of hair loss.

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