Migraine is a neurological disorder, not merely a headache. While strong headaches are the most common sign of a migraine episode, there are numerous additional symptoms that may occur. Aura is one of these symptoms. A migraine aura is a collection of symptoms that may appear before or during a migraine attack. It normally lasts 20 to 60 minutes and might cause issues with vision, feeling, or speech.
According to the American Migraine Foundation, around 25 to 30 percent of migraine sufferers have an aura. It may occur as a warning indication of an impending migraine episode or during one. It does not occur with every migraine attack. Knowing more about migraine auras will assist you in identifying one as soon as possible, taking the necessary drugs, and preparing for the migraine attack.
What does it feel like to have a visual aura?
A visual aura is one that has visual symptoms. This is the most prevalent kind of Trusted Source, accounting for 90 to 99 percent of migraine auras. These auras, in addition to being the most prevalent, are also the most diversified, with many unusual and complicated symptoms described.
The following are some of the most common visual aura characteristics:
- brilliant light flashes
- the vision that is “foggy”
- zigzag patterns
- blind spots
- a few bright spots
- having the impression that you are viewing things via heatwaves or water
What does it feel like to have a sensory aura?
Sensory auras are characterized by sensory disruptions. This form of the aura is found in around 36% of migraine auras, according to Trusted Source. These sensory disruptions may occur with or without the presence of a visual aura.
The following are the primary symptoms of a sensory aura:
- numbness or tingling sensations
- a sense of “pins and needles”
Tingling might start in one arm and spread to one side of the face, lips, or tongue.
What does it feel like to have a dysphasic aura?
A dysphasic aura is one that causes problems with speaking and language. This happens in around 10% of migraine auras.
Among the symptoms are:
- speech that is slurred
- not being able to construct the appropriate words
Other symptoms of migraine attacks
Aside from the aura, migraine episodes may be accompanied by a variety of additional symptoms. These may vary based on the stage or phase of the migraine, as well as across people and per episode.
The premonitory phase is another name for the prodrome period. It might linger for a few hours or many days. Most migraine sufferers will have a prodrome, albeit this may not occur with every migraine episode. Taking any drugs, avoiding known triggers, and experimenting with relaxation methods may assist to prevent headaches during the prodrome.
Each individual is unique, but typical prodrome symptoms include:
- changes in mood
- desires for food
- achy neck
Aura symptoms typically develop over at least 5 minutes and may persist up to 1 hour, however in around 20% of individuals, the aura can remain much longer. Some individuals see aura after the headache has begun, rather than before it.
Aura symptoms might include:
- seeing bright dots or light flashes
- loss of eyesight or dark spots
- tingling sensation in an arm or leg, akin to “pins and needles”
- having difficulty speaking
- ringing in the ears
- olfactory auras: an enhanced sense of smell and perception of fictitious scents
When most people think about migraine, they typically think of the headache phase. This stage is distinguished by discomfort on one or both sides of the head. It might persist from a few hours to up to three days. Headaches might differ from person to person and from attack to attack.
Symptoms may include, in addition to head pain:
- heightened sensitivity to light, noises, or odors
- vomiting or nausea
- heartburn or abdominal ache
- Appetite loss
- Blurred vision
- worsening pain with physical activity
The postdrome period is often known as the “migraine hangover.” It occurs after the headache phase, however not everyone who suffers from migraine experiences postdrome. It is experienced by around 80% of migraine sufferers. It may not happen with every migraine episode.
Postdrome symptoms may include:
- The ache in the body
- difficulty focusing
- light sensitivity
When should you seek migraine treatment?
Consult a doctor if your headaches or migraine episodes are interfering with your daily life or functioning. If you have a migraine with aura, you must treat it with a mix of acute and preventive drugs. A doctor may do an examination to establish if the reason is a migraine or something else. A correct diagnosis may assist you in receiving suitable therapy.
If you have any of the following symptoms, get medical treatment immediately:
- have an abrupt onset
- lasting more than an hour
- do not fully resolve
Call 911 or go to the closest emergency hospital if you experience symptoms such as loss of consciousness or weakness on one side of your body. Migraine with aura raises the risk of stroke, therefore it’s critical to avoid specific drugs and manage any symptoms that arise.
Not everyone who suffers from migraine experiences a migraine with aura. Even among people who suffer from migraine with aura, there may be a wide range of symptoms. You may not have aura with every migraine episode, and your symptoms may vary. Visual, sensory, or dysphasic auras are all possible. Knowing the symptoms of each may assist you in describing them to a doctor and receiving proper treatment.