What Causes Baldness in Men and What Can Be Done About It?

You could be wondering why your hairline is receding or your crown is thinning, and what is causing your thinning hair. You might also be asking what, if anything, you can do to stop this trend from continuing.

Continue reading to discover more about why men lose their hair and how to slow down the balding process.

Men’s baldness is caused by a number of factors

A inherited disorder known as androgenetic alopecia, more generally known as male pattern baldness, causes the great majority of men to grow bald. Androgenetic alopecia accounts for 95 percent of male hair loss, according to the American Hair Loss Association. Genetic sensitivity to a byproduct of testosterone called dihydrotestosterone causes this hereditary condition, which results in a receding hairline and a thinning crown in men (DHT).

So, how does this hormonal consequence lead to hair loss in the first place? DHT-sensitive hair follicles diminish with time. Each hair’s life span decreases as the size of the afflicted hair follicles decreases. The afflicted follicles eventually cease generating hair, at least not the sort you’re used to.

Hair loss in men with male pattern baldness is usually predictable. The following are two of the most prevalent types of hair loss:

  • On top of the head and around the temples, hair begins to thin. A “horseshoe” of hair around the sides and rear of the head may result from this pattern.
  • Hair begins to recede from the hairline’s front, pushing it further back on the head.

The Norwood classification system determines the severity and development of baldness in males. It is divided into seven phases, each of which assesses the degree and pattern of hair loss and baldness.

When do guys begin to lose their hair and when do they stop?

You’re not alone if you notice your hair is thinner than it used to be. The majority of men will have male pattern baldness at some point during their life.

According to the American Hair Loss Association, hair loss can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Hereditary male pattern baldness affects around 25% of males before they reach the age of 21.
  • Hair loss affects over 66 percent of males by the age of 35.
  • Males’s hair will be noticeably thinner by the age of 50 for about 85% of men.

Hair loss in males can also be caused by a various of factors.

Male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss, but it’s not the only one. Other than thinning hair, male pattern baldness is characterized by a lack of symptoms. However, you may experience additional signs if you have other reasons of hair loss. Furthermore, unlike with male pattern baldness, most other reasons do not necessarily result in a predicted hair loss pattern. Hair loss is more likely to occur all over the body or in a few locations.

Hair loss can be caused by any of the causes listed below. Hair loss can be permanent or reversible, depending on the type:

Alopecia areata is a kind of hair loss that affects people of all ages The immune system of your body attacks healthy hair follicles by mistake, resulting in hair loss. Hair loss usually occurs in tiny areas on the head, although it can also occur elsewhere on the body. A bald patch might appear in your beard, eyelashes, or eyebrows, for example. It is possible that the hair may regrow, but it is also possible that it will not.

Telogen effluvium is a condition in which a person’s hair starts to fall out Excessive hair shedding can occur 2 to 3 months after a stressful event or a shock to the system. Accidents, surgeries, illnesses, extreme weight loss, and psychological stress can all cause hair loss. Within 2 to 6 months, hair normally regrows.

Deficiency in vitamins and minerals. For excellent general health and healthy hair development, optimal quantities of iron and other minerals are necessary. Protein, vitamin D, and proper vitamin consumption from your food are also vital for maintaining healthy hair. You can lose more hair than usual if you don’t get enough of one or more of these nutrients.

Hair-loss-causing medications

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Hair loss caused by some drugs is typically only temporary, and hair growth will most likely return after you stop using the prescription. The following are a few examples of medicines linked to hair loss:

  • chemotherapy drugs
  • acne medications such as isotretinoin (Accutane)
  • antifungal drugs, in particular voriconazole
  • anticoagulants such as heparin and warfarin
  • immunosuppressants
  • blood pressure medications such as beta blockers and ACE inhibitors
  • cholesterol-lowering drugs such as simvastatin (Zocor) and atorvastatin (Lipitor)
  • antidepressants such as sertraline (Zoloft) and fluoxetine (Prozac)

Which therapies are the most successful?

Male pattern baldness treatments range from topical medications to more intrusive procedures aimed at regrowing or replacing lost hair. The following are some of the most common and successful baldness treatments.


Male pattern baldness is treated with a variety of prescription and over-the-counter medications. Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and minoxidil (Minoxidil) are two drugs shown to cure or prevent additional male pattern hair loss (Rogaine, Ioniten). Finasteride is a prescription-only drug that comes in the shape of a tablet. Minoxidil is an over-the-counter topical medication for hair loss.

Either therapy might take up to 6 months to see benefits.

Laser treatment

Low-level laser treatment can help stimulate hair follicles and improve circulation in the scalp. Despite the fact that this is a novel treatment option, it has been found to be safe and effective. Compared to hair transplant surgery, it is also a less intrusive choice.

Although laser treatment and hair growth research is sparse, certain studies have showed promising effects. For example, a 2013 study Trusted Source including 41 males aged 18 to 48 revealed that subjects who underwent laser hair surgery saw a 39 percent increase in hair growth.

Hair transplant surgery

Follicular unit transplant (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE) are the two most popular hair transplant techniques (FUE).

FUT is a procedure that includes removing a portion of skin from the rear of the scalp where the hair is still developing. The skin is then cut into hundreds of microscopic pieces known as grafts. These grafts are then implanted into areas of the scalp where hair does not already grow. With FUE, the surgeon removes individual healthy hair follicles from the scalp, drills small holes where hair isn’t growing, and transplants the healthy follicles into the holes.

Is there a way to avoid baldness?

Male pattern baldness is a disorder that is frequently passed down through the generations. Hair loss caused by this disorder is extremely difficult to reverse nonsurgically.

However, with the first indication of thinning, it is feasible to prevent additional hair loss. Finasteride and Rogaine are two therapies for androgenetic alopecia that may help to prevent additional hair loss. Hair loss may return after you stop using these drugs. Consult your physician to see whether these drugs are appropriate for you.

Try the following to maintain your hair healthy and avoid hair loss caused by other factors:

  • Regular scalp massages may assist in hair growth stimulation.
  • Quit your cigarettes. Previous studies Smoking has been linked to hair loss, according to Trusted Source.
  • Exercise, meditation, and deep breathing techniques are all effective ways to relieve stress.
  • Consume a protein-, iron-, and vitamin-rich diet.
  • Switch medication. If you suspect that your medicine is causing hair loss, speak with your doctor about alternate options.

In Conclusion

Your genes are most likely to blame if you have a bald patch or a receding hairline. Androgenetic alopecia, often known as male pattern baldness, is a hereditary disorder that causes baldness in 95 percent of instances. It may strike males of all ages, and it can even begin before they become 21.

Male pattern baldness cannot be prevented, however it can be slowed down. Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar), minoxidil (Rogaine, Ioniten), laser treatment, and hair transplant surgery are some of the choices. Speak to your doctor or dermatologist if you’re worried about growing bald. They can collaborate with you to choose the best treatment alternatives.

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